Reasons for the pocket reduction surgery
Pocket reduction surgery (also known as osseous surgery) is a common periodontal procedure which has been proven effective at eliminating bacteria, reducing inflammation and saving teeth. The goals of pocket reduction surgery are:
Halting bone loss – The chronic inflammatory response induced by oral bacteria leads the body to destroy bone tissue. As the jawbone becomes affected by periodontal disease, the teeth lose their rigid anchor. When the teeth become too loose, they may require extraction.
Facilitate home care – As the gum pockets become progressively deeper, they become incredibly difficult to clean by the patient. The toothbrush and dental floss cannot reach to the bottom of the pockets, increasing the risk of further periodontal infections.
What does pocket reduction surgery involve?
Before recommending treatment or performing any procedure, the dentist will perform thorough visual and x-ray examinations in order to assess the condition of the teeth, gums and underlying bone.
The gums will be gently pulled back from the teeth and bacteria and calculus (tartar) will be eliminated. Scaling and root planing will generally be required to fully remove the calculus (tartar) from the surface of the tooth root, and bone structures may be reshaped. The gum is then sutured with tiny stitches and sometimes a dressing may be placed to protect the surgical site. Several post-op visits will be necessary to monitor healing.
If you have any questions about pocket reduction surgery or treatment for periodontal disease, please ask your periodontist.